GERONIMO
GERONIMO'S WICKIUP: MOBILE GROUP HUT SIGNATURES

2013 Geronimo's Wickiup: Methodological Considerations Regarding Mobile Group Hut Signatures.
International Journal of Historical
Archaeology 17(1):182-195.

2009 Nineteenth-Century Apache Wickiups: Historically Documented Models for Archaeological Signatures of the Dwellings of Mobile
People.
Antiquity 83(319):157-164.


The location of one of Geronimo and Naiche's attempted surrender sites is known. Visits to this location to examine the archaeological signature of the
housing features, the artifacts, and landscape setting provide a direct connection between history and on-the-ground archaeological evidence. Using
this information it is possible to accurately characterize the nature of the archaeological evidence we should be looking for to find Apache sites and the
habitation locations of other highly mobile groups. The evidence is unobtrusive and difficult to accept for many--especially ethnohistorians who are
used to black-and-white messages on tangible pages--but it is no less real than the remains of other mobile groups throughout the basin-and-range and
desert West.
THE MATERIAL ON THIS PAGE IS COPYRIGHTED AND SHOULD BE APPROPRIATELY CITED (C) 2007-2008, Deni Seymour
Geronimo is one of the best-known cultural heroes of the
American West. Known for his tenacity against formidable
enemies he fought to remain free...so the legend goes. The
archaeological record has an advantage of presenting a sober
and impassive perspective of important historical figures and the
lifeway they represented.